A PSO MODEL FOR DISEASE PATTERN DETECTION ON LEAF SURFACES

Kanthan Muthukannan, Pitchai Latha

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to segment the disease affected portion of a plant leaf and extract the hybrid features for better classification of different disease patterns. A new approach named as Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is proposed for image segmentation. PSO is an automatic unsupervised efficient algorithm which is used for better segmentation and better feature extraction. Features extracted after segmentation are important for disease classification so that the hybrid feature extraction components controls the accuracy of classification for different diseases. The approach named as Hybrid Feature Extraction (HFE), which has three components namely color, texture and shape based features. The performance of the preprocessing result was compared and the best result was taken for image segmentation using PSO. Then the hybrid feature parameters were extracted from the gray level co-occurrence matrices of different leaves. The proposed method was tested on different images of disease affected leaves, and the experimental results exhibit its effectiveness.


Keywords
disease pattern; particle swarm optimization; performance analysis; segmentation; texture feature

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.1227

Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)