SEMANTIC IMAGE ANALYSIS USING A SYMBOLIC NEURAL ARCHITECTURE

Ilianna Kollia, Nikolaos Simou, Andreas Stafylopatis, Stefanos Kollias

Abstract

Image segmentation and classification are basic operations in image analysis and multimedia search which have gained great attention over the last few years due to the large increase of digital multimedia content. A recent trend in image analysis aims at incorporating symbolic knowledge representation systems and machine learning techniques. In this paper, we examine interweaving of neural network classifiers and fuzzy description logics for the adaptation of a knowledge base for semantic image analysis. The proposed approach includes a formal knowledge component, which, assisted by a reasoning engine, generates the a-priori knowledge for the image analysis problem. This knowledge is transferred to a kernel based connectionist system, which is then adapted to a specific application field through extraction and use of MPEG-7 image descriptors. Adaptation of the knowledge base can be achieved next. Combined segmentation and classification of images, or video frames, of summer holidays, is the field used to illustrate the good performance of the proposed approach.

Keywords
fuzzy description logics; kernel based connectionist systems; machine learning; semantic image analysis

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.v29.p159-172

Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)