NEW BACTERIA FORAGING AND PARTICLE SWARM HYBRID ALGORITHM FOR MEDICAL IMAGE COMPRESSION

G Vimala Kumari, G Sasibhushana Rao, B Prabhakara Rao

Abstract

For perfect diagnosis of brain tumour, it is necessary to identify tumour affected regions in the brain in MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) images effectively and compression of these images for transmission over a communication channel at high speed with better visual quality to the experts. An attempt has been made in this paper for identifying tumour regions with optimal thresholds which are optimized with the proposed Hybrid Bacteria Foraging Optimization Algorithm (BFOA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) named (HBFOA-PSO) by maximizing the Renyi’s entropy and Kapur’s entropy. BFOA may be trapped into local optimal problem and delay in execution time (convergence time) because of random chemo taxis steps in the procedure of algorithm and to get global solution, a theory of swarming is commenced in the structure of HBFOA-PSO. Effectiveness of this HBFOA-PSO is evaluated on six different MRI images of brain with tumours and proved to be better in Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Mean Square Error (MSE) and Fitness Function.


Keywords
Bacteria Foraging Optimization Algorithm (BFOA); Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO); Kapur’s entropy; Moth-flame Optimization (MFO) Algorithm; Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO); Renyi’s entropy

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.1865

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)