PARAMETRIC BLIND IMAGE DEBLURRING WITH GRADIENT BASED SPECTRAL KURTOSIS MAXIMIZATION

Aftab Khan, Hujun Yin

Abstract

Blind image deconvolution/deblurring (BID) is a challenging task due to lack of prior information about the blurring process and image. Noise and ringing artefacts resulted during the restoration process further deter fine restoration of the pristine image. These artefacts mainly arise from using a poorly estimated point spread function (PSF) combined with an ineffective restoration filter. This paper presents a BID scheme based on the steepest descent in kurtosis maximization. Assuming uniform blur, the PSF can be modelled by a parametric form. The scheme tries to estimate the blur parameters by maximizing kurtosis of the deblurred image. The scheme is devised to handle any type of blur that can be framed into a parametric form such as Gaussian, motion and out-of-focus. Gradients for the blur parameters are computed and optimized in the direction of increasing kurtosis value using a steepest descent scheme. The algorithms for several common blurs are derived and the effectiveness has been corroborated through a set of experiments. Validation has also been carried out on various real examples. It is shown that the scheme optimizes on the parameters in a close vicinity of the true parameters. Results of both benchmark and real images are presented. Both full-reference and non-reference image quality measures have been used in quantifying the deblurring performance. The results show that the proposed method offers marked improvements over the existing methods.

Keywords
blind image deblurring (BID); gradient descent; image quality measures (IQMs); image restoration; kurtosis

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.1887

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Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)