ESTIMATION OF VOLUME USING THE NUCLEATOR AND LATTICE POINTS

Domingo Gomez-Perez, Javier Gonzalez-Villa, Florian Pausinger

Abstract

The nucleator is a method to estimate the volume of a particle, i.e. a compact subset of ℝ3, which is widely used in Stereology. It is based on geometric sampling and known to be unbiased. However, the prediction of the variance of this estimator is non-trivial and depends on the underlying sampling scheme.

We propose well established tools from quasi-Monte Carlo integration to address this problem. In particular, we show how the theory of reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces can be used for variance prediction and how the variance of estimators based on the nucleator idea can be reduced using lattice (or lattice-like) points. We illustrate and test our results on various examples.


Keywords
nucleator; Quasi-Monte Carlo integration; stereology; variance prediction

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.2012

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Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)