SPATIALLY ADAPTIVE MORPHOLOGICAL IMAGE FILTERING USING INTRINSIC STRUCTURING ELEMENTS

Johan Debayle, Jean-Charles Pinoli

Abstract

This paper deals with spatially adaptive morphological filtering, extending the theory of mathematical morphology to the paradigm of adaptive neighborhood. The basic idea in this approach is to substitute the extrinsically-defined, fixed-shape, fixed-size structuring elements generally used by morphological operators, by intrinsically-defined, variable-shape, variable-size structuring elements. These last so-called intrinsic structuring elements fit to the local features of the image, with respect to a selected analyzing criterion such as luminance, contrast, thickness, curvature or orientation. The resulting spatially-variant morphological operators perform efficient image processing, without any a priori knowledge of the studied image and some of which satisfy multiscale properties. Moreover, in a lot of practical cases, the elementary adaptive morphological operators are connected, which is topologically relevant. The proposed approach is practically illustrated in several application examples, such as morphological multiscale decomposition, morphological hierarchical segmentation and boundary detection.

Keywords
adaptive neighborhood; connected operators; intrinsic spatial analysis; mathematical morphology; multiscale representation

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.v24.p145-158

Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)