THE INVARIATOR DESIGN: AN UPDATE

Luis Manuel Cruz-Orive, Ximo Gual-Arnau

Abstract

The invariator is a method to generate a test line within an isotropically oriented plane through a fixed point, in such a way that the test line is effectively motion invariant in three dimensional space. Generalizations exist for non Euclidean spaces. The invariator design is convenient to estimate surface area and volume simultaneously. In recent years a number of new results have appeared which call for an updated survey. We include two new estimators, namely the a posteriori weighting estimator for surface area and volume, and the peak-and-valley formula for surface area.

Keywords
invariator; peak-and-valley formula; stereology; surface area; test line weighting; volume

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DOI: 10.5566/ias.1324

Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)