SEGMENTATION OF ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES BY CONNECTED STATISTICAL MODELS

Marko Bukovec, Boštjan Likar, Franjo Pernuš

Abstract

This paper presents a framework for the segmentation of anatomical structures in medical imagery by connected statistical models. The framework is based on three types of models: first, generic models which operate directly on image intensities, second, connecting models that impose restrictions on the spatial relationship of generic models, and third, a supervising model that represents an arbitrary number of generic and connecting models. In this paper, the statistical model of appearance is used as the generic model, whiles the statistical model of topology, obtained by applying principal component analysis (PCA) on aligned pose and shape parameters of the generic model, is used as the connecting model. The performance of such connected statistical model is demonstrated on anterior-posterior (AP) X-ray images of the hips and pelvis and compared to the modelling by one and six unconnected generic models. The most accurate and robust results were obtained by two-level hierarchical modelling, wherein connected statistical models were used first, followed by unconnected statistical models.

Keywords
connecting anatomical structures; image segmentation; statistical appearance model; statistical shape model; statistical topology model

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: 10.5566/ias.v30.p77-88

Image Analysis & Stereology
EISSN 1854-5165 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1580-3139 (Printed version)